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What You Want to Know Most about Ball Bearing Subtypes 2020 [Quick]

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What You Want to Know Most about Ball Bearing Subtypes 2020 [Quick]

Issue Time:2019-06-24

What You Want to Know Most about Ball Bearing Subtypes 2020 [Quick]

ball bearing subtypes

As you know there are many different types of bearings, and a ball bearing (or also known as a “deep groove ball bearing”) is one of them.

People consider that ball bearings are the most popular because they satisfy a huge variety of operating conditions and performance requirements. The main purpose of this kind of bearing is to reduce rotational friction by supporting radial and axis loads. However, there are also different types of ball bearings with certain constructional features, all catering to your specific needs.

Shielded Ball Bearing

Shielded ball bearings have a metal or plastic shield. People secure this shield to the outer race on each side of the bearing.

This type of bearing adds protection against lubrication migration while also offering protection from contamination of the grease. Grease contamination affects the ball bearing lubrication, resulting in wear and rust from the metal, which in turn causes additional damage to the bearing.

Now if you want to consider going for a shielded ball type of bearing, you must know that there are also different kinds of shielded ball bearings (you can combine it with sealed bearings).

Z Type 

This type of shielded bearing has a metal shield on one side while the other side is unshielded. The Z type also has minimal clearance and is the most popular shielded ball bearing type. However, this type of bearing does not work well with heavy load, high speed, or high precision.

ZZ Type 

Also known as “2 Z”, this type of shielded bearing is similar to the Z Type. The only difference is the ZZ type has a separate metal shield on each of its sides. There is also no substantial impact on torque or speed while still being able to function well as an open bearing. It is also worthy to note that once installed, you can't remove the ZZ type anymore.

Sealed Ball Bearing

Because of the covers over the balls, sealed bearings are similar in structure with the shielded ball bearing. The sealed ball bearing variant offers a higher degree of protection from moisture and dirt.

Unfortunately, the protection sealed ball bearings provide comes up with a price. The high contact pressure of the inner ring of the seal against rotation greatly increases the friction and torque loss. This also causes a build-up of heat.

Like the shielded bearing variant, there are also different types of sealed ball bearings.

Type 2RS

The 2RS sealed bearing type has a molded rubber for a seal. The type of rubber used for the type 2RS variant is nitrite, and then bond it to a steel insert. This type of seal makes contact with the inner ring, which provides better protection in contaminated environments compared to a metal shield. But since the type of seal used is molded rubber, one must take into consideration the for certain chemicals lubricant that and bearing lubricants tend to react with rubber.

Type 2RU

This type of bearing provides better protection compared to the ZZ shielded ball bearing type but lacks the increase in torque provided by the 2RS type. It has a molded rubber seal, just like the 2RS, so caution in using certain types of lubricants and chemicals.

Ball bearings spinning in high speeds need enough lubrication and a clean environment in order to have a long service life, although it only needs a little lubrication, since too much lubrication can increase the rolling resistance, thus generating heat which causes the bearing to fail.

Selecting the right shielded or unshielded bearing for your electric motor plays a vital role as it ensures a long service life. Although we do have to remember that once a ball bearing starts to fail and show signs of wear, the bearing will never improve.

As soon as the bearing shows signs of wear and tear or the bearing starts making noise, you should replace it. Delays in having the bearings replaced may cause the motor to burn out sooner which will further cause other damage to the motor components.